Arthritis is a significant disease burden arthropathy. It plays a predominating role in causing joint symptoms, which restricts the mobility of the elderly throughout the world. Dropout from the workforce and early retirement are two of the disease’s social factors that are rarely discussed.
The definition of
Osteoarthritis is the most common subtype of arthritis, characterized by joint pain and rigidity. Additionally, it is one of the most prevalent forms of arthritis. It is important to observe that not all joint pain is caused by osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis consists of two terms, ‘osteo’ for bone and ‘arthritis’ for joint inflammation. It is a pathology of the joints in which the lubricating articular cartilage between the bones deteriorates. This ‘wear and tear’ disease causes discomfort in the joints when mobility is attempted in the joints. It affects main joints such as the hip, knee, and thumb. In addition to joint cartilage, the degenerative process may also affect bone tissue. It is a chronic disease, so the deterioration process may take decades to complete. There are flare-ups of osteoarthritis in the interim. If detected early and treated, the lesions can be directed toward recovery, particularly in younger patients; however, after a certain age, the rebuilding capacity of joints may render the symptoms intractable and only marginally relieved by medication.