The stomach is the J-shaped organ in the upper left abdominal region. Not only is the stomach responsible for the digestion of food, but it also temporarily stores food. Our stomach secretes gastric fluid consisting of water, hydrochloric acid, electrolytes, pepsin, and mucus, which aids in food digestion. The human body constantly replaces aged cells with new ones. Occasionally, mutations prevent the body from replacing aged cells, whereas new cells continue to form. This abnormal or uncontrolled cell formation is known as malignancy.
Cancer is a life-threatening illness due to its ability to damage blood vessels and induce bleeding. Stomach cancer is caused by the abnormal or uncontrolled proliferation of cells in the mucous lining of the stomach. Gastric cancer is sometimes referred to as a “silent killer.” This cancer is initially asymptomatic or exhibits atypical symptoms, allowing it to go undetected for an extended period of time before reaching a critical stage. Typically, when cancer is diagnosed, it has already spread to other organs. Stomach cancer is the third leading cause of cancer-related fatalities and the sixth most prevalent cancer worldwide. Stomach cancer is most prevalent in the elderly, but it can also affect adults and infants. As the use of refrigerators and microwave appliances has increased, so has the incidence of gastric cancer.