The fungus that causes ringworm, dermatophytes is also known as tinea corporis or dermatophytosis. Only a small number of the millions of yeasts and molds that are present in the world cause skin infections. People were unaware that fungi could cause ringworm until 1841. The fungus that causes the disease results in a circular reddish-inflamed area of skin, just like a worm. It can affect both humans and animals. At first it appears as a small red spot, but can spread to other parts of the skin. The fungus feeds on keratin proteins found in skin, hair, and nails. The fungus can be found on surfaces and household items. When the human body is in contact with the fungus, rig worms form. It is contagious and spreads easily from one person to another.
This disease is not caused by a worm. Its appearance is similar to a red circular area, like that of a worm. The disease is called by different names based on where it appears on the body. The infection does not spread below the surface, so it is not a problem on the limbs. Ringworm can affect the following areas:
Athlete’s foot – the infection is found on the soles of the feet
- Tibea barbi- This is a beard on the body
- Tinea Capitis is the name given to a condition where ringworms form on the scalp.
- Tinea unguium – Toenails, fingernails, and even the nails of fingers are affected by this fungus
- Tinea Manuum- When the fungus forms on the palm of the hand, it’s called a Tinea Manuum
Early Symptoms Of Ringworm
Ringworm is easily identified by its symptoms. A ring-like structure can be seen with red bumps scattered throughout and dry, itchy areas on the skin of someone suffering from ringworm. A simple visual examination is usually enough to diagnose ringworm. To confirm the infection, doctors may scrape off a small piece of infected tissue to examine it under a magnifying glass or send it to a laboratory for testing. The symptoms can appear between 4 and 14 days after skin contact. Some of the most common symptoms include
Infections are characterized by red or pink rashes, and flat patches. The spots will be red or pink if the skin color is light. If the skin color is dark, the patches may be brown or gray.