Urine, one of the body’s waste products, is produced and stored by the organs of the urinary tract. The kidneys are the primary organs that produce urine, which then travels to the bladder via the ureters. The urinary bladder temporarily stores urine until it is expelled via the urethra during urination. The female urethral opening is located above the vaginal opening, whereas the male urethral opening is located at the extremity of the penis.
The kidneys are paired organs located in the lower abdomen that remove liquid waste from the circulation and excrete it as urine. The kidneys play a significant role in regulating the acidity of the blood and harmonising the levels of numerous chemicals (including sodium, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, and others) in the body. In addition, they produce essential hormones for the metabolic process. These hormones aid in bone formation, regulate blood pressure, and stimulate red blood cell production.
Normal urine does not contain bacteria or other pathogens, and the one-way flow ensures that there are no pathogenic infections. Nonetheless, bacteria and other organisms may enter the bladder and kidneys via the urethra.