Hemorrhoids can also be called piles. This is a condition that occurs when the lower veins in either anus or rectum swell. These veins are located under the mucus layer, which is responsible for bringing blood from the rectum and anus back to the heart. They are a regular part of the human anatomy, playing a vital role in the transportation of oxygen and nutrients. These capillaries are found at the point where the tiniest veins and arteries meet. The smooth connective tissues that protect these delicate and precious capillaries, are named according to their position in relation to the pectinate lines. The upper two-thirds of the anus are divided by a lower third, which is known as “pectinate lines.”
It is important to distinguish between nerve cells and cells that line hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are a problem that persists from the age of 30 to the age of 60.