The chronic skin condition atopic dermatitis is characterised by dry, scaly, and irritated skin. The condition is also known by the general term eczema, which refers to dermatitis. The condition is induced by skin-based allergic reactions. Atopic refers to an inherited propensity for hypersensitive reactions. This allergic condition can manifest at any age, including in infants.
The definition of
Atopic dermatitis is a skin disorder caused by numerous biochemical and immune system abnormalities in the patient’s epidermis. Atopic dermatitis causes skin lesions, inflammation, and irritation. Multiple infections, including yeast, bacteria, fungi, and viruses, are associated with it. Atopic dermatitis results in itching, scaly, and sore skin. If the condition is mild, individuals with dry skin will only develop small patches. However, if the condition becomes severe, it can cause inflammation on the entire surface of the skin, which can be red, dark brown, or even purple, depending on the skin tone. Children with dermatitis have dysfunctional skin barriers and dry, scaly, and irritating skin.